Duke Max
History's Duke Max
Biographical Information
Real Name: Maximilian Joseph Wittelsbach
Title: Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
Born: 4 December 1808
Death: 15 November 1888
Age: 79
Religion: Roman Catholic
Originally From: Bamber, Franconia, Germany
Wife: Princess Ludovica
Children: Duke Ludwig Wilhelm

Duke Wilhelm Kar in Bavaria
Princess Helene
Empress Elisabeth of Austria
Duke Karl Theodor in Bavaria
Queen Marie Sophie of Sicilies
Countess Mathilde Ludovika
Duke Maximilian in Bavaria
Duchess Sophie Charlotte
Duke Maximilian Emanuel

Burial: Family crypt in Tegernsee Abbey in Bavaria
TV Character Information
First appearance: Sissi Gets Her Way
Portrays: Duke Max

Duke Maximilian, was a member of a junior branch of the House of Wittelsbach and a promoter of Bavarian folk-music. He is most famous today as the father of Empress Elisabeth of Austria and great-grandfather of King Leopold III of Belgium.


Maximilian Joseph was born at Bamberg, the only son of Duke Pius August and his wife, Princess Amélie Louise. On 9 September 1828, Maximilian Joseph married Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, the sixth daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, his father's cousin. They had ten children.


In 1834 Maximilian Joseph purchased Possenhofen Castle on Lake Starnberg; this was his major residence for the rest of his life. In 1838 he acquired Unterwittelsbach Castle (today housing a "Sisi" museum) near the site of Burg Wittelsbach, the ancestral seat of the House of Wittelsbach.

In 1838 Maximilian Joseph travelled to Egypt and Palestine. He published an account of this trip. While climbing the Great Pyramid he arranged for his servants to yodel as if he were climbing in the Alps. He collected a number of antiquities which he brought back to Bavaria and displayed in his father's home. They can still be seen there today. Among the items is the mummy of a young woman, three mummies' heads, several animal mummies, shawabtis, and several stones from tombs or temples including one from the Temple of Dendur. He also bought some children in the Cairo slave market and later freed them. When Maximilian Joseph was in Jerusalem, he paid for the restoration of the Church of the Flagellation.

Maximilian Joseph died in Munich. He and his wife are buried in the family crypt in Tegernsee Abbey, a former monastery which Ludovika's father, King Maximilian, had acquired in 1817. At the same time of the secularisation, Duke Maximilian's grandfather Duke Wilhelm had also purchased a former monastery. Both properties are still today owned by Prince Max, Duke in Bavari.


  • Duke Max and his wife Princess Ludovica had 10 children. 8 survived to adulthood.
  • Though Duke Max and his wife Princess Ludovica never had twins, they did have two sons's named Karl First was Wilhelm Karl, Duke in Bavaria who died in childhood, and 7 years later had Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria who lived to be 70 years old.
  • Her son Wilhelm Karl, Duke in Bavaria was born on 24 December 1832, and his younger sister Empress Elisabeth of Austria was also born 5 years later on 24 December 1837.
  • In 1834 he purchased Possenhofen Castle (Possi) on Lake Starnberg; this was his major residence for the rest of his life.
  • Bought some children in the Cairo, Egypt slave market, and later freed them.

TV ComparisonEdit

Family TreeEdit

Duke Maximilian Joseph
Princess Ludovika
Duke Ludwig
Helena Von Grossberg
Maximilian Anton
Franz Joseph
Princess Sissi
Karl Theodor
Maria Sophie
Duchess Mathilde
Duchess Sophie
Duke Maximilian
Princess Louise
Princess Elisabeth
Maximilian Maria
Prince Albert
Archduchess Sophie
Archduchess Gisela
Archduke Rudolf
Archduchess Marie-Valerie

References Edit

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